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Different systems of Medicine

Naturopathy

 Naturopathy practice is more proactive than reactive to disease management

 It focuses on patient education, promotion of health and prevention of disease.

 Treats the patients as a whole and not only the symptoms.

 Disregards the concept of disease and embraces the concept of wellness.

 Does not depend on any external chemical agents or herbs to heal.

 External treatments are only supportive of the healing force but not the primary focus

 The holistic approach includes; fasting & diet, hydrotherapy, yoga therapy, magnetotherapy, etc.

 Limited role in medical emergencies.

Homeopathy

 In 1796, a German physician Samuel Hahnemann developed a new branch of medicine now called

homeopathy.

 Homeopathy is based on the principle, “like cures like.”

 A substance that causes symptoms of a disease in a healthy person, will, in highly diluted form, cure the

same symptoms in a sick person.

 Part of homeopathy is the law of minimum dose, the lower the dose the higher will be the effectiveness.

 Homeopathy medicines are derived from plants, animal or mineral sources.

 Homeopathic medicines are mostly prepared as lactose globules, ointments, gels, drops, creams and

tablets.

 Homeopathic remedies are individualised to suit specific needs of a particular person.

 Many homeopathic medicines are so diluted that no molecule of the original substance is likely to remain in

the diluted product.

 Critics of homeopathy call these dilutions placebos.

 However, it is known that even a placebo can exert strong therapeutic responses, especially in cases of pain,

inflammation and psychosomatic disorders.

Yoga

 Research on Yoga provides an interesting perspective on mind and body connection.

 Yoga and Ayurveda propose lifestyle changes, postural changes, meditations and few therapeutic

procedures.

 Yoga has been researched extensively and it is now more generally accepted that there is scientific backing t

claims that Yoga can be achieve better health.

 The Cochrane Library cites 21 systematic reviews, and the PubMed cites 172 reviews on Yoga.

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 Yoga has gained scientific credibility and has moved rapidly toward evidence based medicine.

Ayurveda

 In India, Ayurveda is part of the culture.

 The majority of patients have a favourable perception of Ayurveda

 Unfortunately, the cost of Ayurvedic treatments is also increasing due to commercialization in wellness

industry and medical tourism.

 Ayurveda has its own Evidence Based Medicine.

 The key challenge is to strengthen its evidence base further in the professional community.

 Ayurveda has a holistic approach based on thousands of years of experience.

 It has an integrative approach which considers body, mind and spirit.

 Ayurvedic therapies are not restricted to mere use of drugs.

 While herbal drugs are used, lifestyle modifications are the mainstay of treatment.

 Lifestyle modifications are not limited only to diet and exercise but includes entire process of the

personality such as mental attitude and personal philosophy.

Allopathy

 The scientific foundation of mainstream medicine took shape in the latter half of the nineteenth century.

 Louis Pasteur’s Germ Theory of Disease, Robert Koch’s postulates, Paul Ehrlich’s discovery of Salvarsan

against syphilis in 1909, were few of the milestones which brought about a paradigm shift in the practice of

medicine.

 Science was added to the art of medicine,

 In subsequent years this science was greatly influenced by the pharmaceutical industry.

 While modern medicine or allopathy has contributed greatly to advances in treatment, particularly in

surgical specialities, it has increasingly adopted the “mechanical model” or one size fits all approach.

 This treats humans as machines overlooking their diversity. It killed the art and fragmented the science.

Under influence of market forces, it overlooks the immense self-healing powers of the body.

 Modern medicine has immense value in medical emergencies and can be life or limb saving in such acute

situations.

 It has made great strides in surgical specialities.

 It has its limits in chronic and lifestyle related diseases where a holistic approach is more appropriate.